Surviving a Nuclear Explosion, Part 1

This would be the best time to learn how to survive a nuclear attack when North Korea is practicing for war and developing long range nuclear missiles. Russia breached various weapon treaties and upgraded its nuclear armory. On the other hand Trump is not only threatening “fire and furry” but the United States military is also considering defensive attacks on North Korea’s military facilities.

In addition dirty bombs and nuclear terrorism also remain a worrying threat. Though the danger of a nuclear explosion or attack is unlikely today, these events are very sobering and terrorism by nature is not predictable. This article presents a comprehensive guide on surviving a nuclear explosion.

What is a nuclear explosion?

Before we delve deeper into how to survive a nuclear explosion, it is important to first understand what exactly a nuclear explosion is. It is basically a blast with intense heat and light, widespread radioactive particles and a damaging pressure wave that can infect water, air and ground surfaces for several miles around. A nuclear bomb can range from a portable device that can be carried by one person to a huge missile transported by an intercontinental missile. When a nuclear device explodes, the area around the explosion is pulverized and scorched with overwhelming heat and a blinding flash of light.

It also produces a pressure wave that can flatten all the structures around it including roads, buildings and bridges plus everything within a miles radius instantly gets contaminated with deadly radioactive material. Fortunately, a nuclear explosion doesn’t always mean death. People have survived them in the past and you can too. For example when the first nuclear bomb was dropped on Hiroshima Japan by the US, almost 80 percent of those who were affected survived. Nonetheless the effects still haunts them up to today. Here are important tips on surviving a nuclear attack:

Before the explosion hits

Why would anyone want to plan for such a devastating incident? The same reason you prepare for work or school presentations, is the same reason you should prepare for a nuclear attack. Preparing early usually leads to success and surviving such a terrible occurrence is no different. Whether you only have a few hours to spare before the impending attack or you anticipated the doom several months in advance, there are some important items that you need to have ready. The main essentials include a lot of non-perishable food, sealed water, first aid kits and flashlights. These essentials should be able to last for at least 14 days. It is also important that you have access to a hand cracked radio unit or a battery powered radio. Extra clothes will also be important just in case your clothes get contaminated with radioactive material.

Where to hide from the explosion

There are 3 important aspects to consider when it comes to hiding from the blast: Shielding, time and distance. Stay away from areas labeled “HAZMAT” or radiation hazard.’ Also avoid damaged areas. The longer the distance between you and the attack area the better for you. Basically, you should look for underground areas such as office or home basements, or blast shelters that are designed for hiding from such attacks. In addition buildings designed with thick materials like brick or concrete are also good for shielding from radiation. Avoid wooden houses, unless there is no other choice. And once you find your ideal shelter, stay there for some time before you go out. Radiation usually drops in intensity a bit quickly, but the first two weeks are usually very deadly.

During a nuclear explosion

If the explosion is imminent, seek shelter immediately that will give you enough protection. Also, be alert for any communication from government agencies and do not move from the shelter unless instructed so. Immediately after the attack, radiation is usually the deadliest killer. If you are outside during the explosion, lie down flat on the ground and keep your eyes closed as looking at the fireball can easily blind you. Once the explosion is over, look for a place where you can thoroughly scrub yourself under running water with high quality soap to get rid of any radioactive material. Dispose of your clothes in a plastic bag and seal it properly to keep away from any dust that settled on them.

After the explosion

Many people will be able to move out of their shelters a few days after the explosion if the respective government agencies deem it safe. Nonetheless, areas that were affected with highest fallout could stay under quarantine for up to a month or two. Also keep listening to TV and radio broadcasts for any updates on where it is safe to go and which places to avoid. Also remember to avoid areas marked HAZMAT’ or radiation hazard’ and if necessary seek medical help.

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